The geographical area of Sotang Rural Municipality is 103 sq km. It has a population of 9530 according to census 2011. This rural municipality has five wards. It was formed by merging three former VDCs. Sotang is surrounded by Mahakulung rural municipality in the east, Mapya Dudhkoshi rural municipality in the north-west and Thulung Dudhkoshi rural municipality in the south-west. It also shares part of its southern border with Khotang district.
Indigenous people are in dominant numbers here. Agriculture, livestock farming of small scale is mainly practice here for livelihood.
The Chairperson and Vice chairperson this rural municipality are Bir Bahadur Rai and Laxmi Karki Basnet respectively.