Itahari is a Sub-Metropolitan as well as largest city of Sunsari district in the Koshi zone of south-eastern Nepal. Established in 1997 as Municipality, Itahari was declared sub-metropolitan city combining the VDCs like Khanar, Ekamba,Hasposa and Pakali on 16thMangsir, 2071.

Situated at a distance of 25 kilometers north of the provincial capital of Biratnagar, 16 kilometers south of Dharan and 92 kilometres west of Kakarbhitta, it is at the main transportation junction of eastern Nepal. It is the center of the west-east Mahendra highway and south-north Koshi Highway and thus is a town of emerging importance.

Itahari is a fast-growing town that sits on fertile plain. Located at the main transportation junction in eastern Nepal, the town is gaining importance as a traffic hub. Itahari also situated in a strategic location as it is only 30 kilometers far from Indian border city of Jogbani entry point.

Biratnagar Airport is the nearest airport which is situated at 23 kilometer distance from Itahari making this place very accessible from Kathmandu both via road and sky transportation.

This sub-metropolis is very scenic and full of natural resources. It is very rich in forest and rivers while the green and lush fields that grow paddy, corn and maize in a huge amount also offers fresh air to breathe and wonderful natural aroma.

According to the census 2011, this sub-metropolis had 33,794 households with a total of 14,0517 including, 66,566 are males and 73,951 females. Itahari sub-metropolitan city consists of 26 wards.

The name, Itahari is considered to have its origin in Tharu language, the lingua-franca of this sub-metropolis. There used to the usage of brick (itta) and wood (hari). According to the senior citizens, the name was of this sub-metropolis was then chosen Itahari.

Regarding the social factor, this sub-metropolis is a mixed community where Bhramin, Chettri, Newar, Rai, Limbu, Tharu, Tamang, Gurung, Mushar, Damai, Kami, Sherpa and Chamar live.

While Kirat, Hindu and Buddhism are major religions, the dwellers mainly speak languages like Nepali, Tharu, Maithali, Rai, Limbu, Newari, Tamang and Hindi.

Under the jurisdiction of Municipal Assembly, this sub-metropolis has seven divisions that include Public Administration, Financial Management, Urban Infrastructure Development, Economic Development, Social Development, Education, Youth and Sports Development and Public Health.

Dwarika Lal Chaudhary is the Mayor of this sub-metropolis and the Deputy Mayor is Laxmi Gautam.

The table below shows the current law, procedures and guidelines active in Itahari Sub-metropolitan City.

Table 1. List of laws, procedures and guidelines adopted by Itahari Sub-metropolitan City:

Name of the laws Date of authentication Links
1.     Norms Regarding the expenses for  kinds of Training, Symposium, Workshop, Seminar and Meetings conducted by Itahari Sub-Metropolis-2076 Click here
2.     Procedure Regarding Animal Husbandry Program Subsidy – 2075 Click here
3.     Economic Act-2076 Click here
4.     Bi-laws Regarding the Operationalization of Machinery Equipment of Office as well as Rented – 2075 2075/11/19 Click here
5.     Pollution Mitigation and Control Bi-laws-2075 Click here
6.     House and Land Rent Tax Bill-2075 2075/12/6 Click here
7.     Property Tax Act-2075 2075/12/6 Click here
8.     Land Tax Act-2075 2075/12/6 Click here
9.     Act Regarding Building Constrcution-2075 Click here

Fiscal Profile:

Table on fiscal profile of Itahari Sub-metropolitan City:

Year 2018/19 2019/20 2020/21
Total Budget 1,507,400,000 1,855,000,000 1,780,000,000
Income 321,600,000 489,421,000 381,500,000
Conditional Grants 303,600,000 341,000,000 411,800,000
Special Grants
Equalization Grants 283,100,000 316,600,000 309,200,000
Complementary Grants 58,942,000 81,000,000 16,800,000