Hetauda is a Makwanpur district based sub-metropolitan city that is under Bagmati Province in central Nepal. It is the administrative headquarters of the Makwanpur District and the capital of Bagmati Pradesh. This is one of the largest cities of Nepal with total population of 153,875.

Hetauda sub-metropolitan city is situated in the confluence of the two prominent national highways-Tribhuvan highway and Mahendra highway. Regarded as a “Green city” due to the trees planted on either sides of the road, It was declared a municipality in 1969 A.D (2026 B.S).

This sub-metropolis is 76 kilometer far from Kathmandu.

Lying in the central region of the country, it is situated at 300-390 meter above the sea level. With a total area of 261 square kilometer, this sub-metropolis is surrounded by three rivers – Rapti in the west, Samari in the north and Karra in the south.

This is also home to Hetauda Industrial Estate. Factories like Hetauda Cement, RiddiSiddi Cements, Asian Paints, Yeti Paints industries, among other many industries operate from this Estate. This is one of the best sub-metropolis for settlement due to its plain geography and connectivity with East-West Highway.

Apart from natural environment, there are a number of monuments and historical sites to visit in this sub-metropolis like Makwanpur Gadhi and Pathivara Temple among others.

Regarding the naming of this sub-metropolis, myths have that it got its name from Hidimba, a demonic queen who ended up marrying Bhimsen. The fact that there is a place called Bhimphedi just as the plains of Hetauda meets the mountains can be considered a manifestation of this belief. During the Rana regime in Nepal, there is history of cars being carried by porters to Kathmandu through this place showing the importance of this sub-metropolis as a trade route between Kathmandu and India since a long time in history.

When it comes to the geography of this sub-metropolis, it is situated in a unique geographical structure called Doon, giving it a valley-like geography. It is surrounded by mountains, with the Mahabharata Range to the north and the Sivalik Hills to the south.

Headed by Chief Executive, the office of this sub-metropolis has 10 divisions including, General Administration, Revenue and Economic, Urban Infrastructure Development, Economic Development, Social Development, Forest, Environment and Disaster Management, Land Management and Building Regulation, Justice, Law and Human Rights Promotion, Planning, Monitoring and Evaluation and Information, Communication and Data Management.

Hari Bahadur Mahat from Nepal Communist Party is the Mayor and Mina Kumari Lama from the same party is the Deputy-Mayor of this sub-metropolitan city that has 19 wards.

The table below shows the current law, procedures and guidelines active in Hetauda Sub-metropolitan City.

Table 1. List of laws, procedures and guidelines adopted by Hetauda Sub-metropolitan City:

Name of the laws Date of authentication Links
1.     Bill formulated to Implement Economic Proposals-2074 2074/3/29 Click here
2.     Allocation Act-2074 2074/5/6 Click here
3.     Legal Committee Procedure Act-2074 Click here
4.     Education Act-2074 Click here
5.     Act Formulated to Regularize and Manage Economic Procedure of HetaudaSub-Metropolitan City-2074 Click here
6.     Agriculture Business Promotion Act-2074 2074/11/13 Click here
7.     Cooperative Act-2074 Click here

Fiscal Profile:

Table on fiscal profile of Hetauda Sub-metropolitan City:

Year 2018/19 2019/20 2020/21
Total Budget 1,811,800,000
Conditional Grants 79,466,000 77,800,000
Special Grants
Equalization Grants 60,000,000 70,400,000
Complementary Grants
Taxes 254,602,000 323,334,000

Source: http://hetaudamun.gov.np/ne