The Constitution of Nepal defines ‘federation as the apex unit of the federal structure’. The Federal level is the collective structure of various entities exercising state power. Federal level means the collective structure of local and state units within the national geographical boundaries and the central organizational political structure that guarantees national interest, unity and security. The jurisdiction of the federal level resides all over Nepal and addresses the needs of the provincial and local level as well. Federation includes 753 local units, seven provincial units and one federal unit in Nepal’s political system. The jurisdiction of the federal unit is set out in Schedules 5 (exclusive), 7 (concurrent with Province) and 9 (concurrent with Province and Local level) of the Constitution. In addition, it is the authority of exercise the residual power is vested on the federation Nepal’s constitution has given the role of leadership, coordination and co-operation to the federal level. The federation is supposed to develop capacity of the province and local level, implement national standards, re-distribute resources, uphold national integrity, social unity, protection of fundamental rights and international relations. The federal level exercises executive rights in the name of the Government of Nepal.
Schedule-5, relating to clause (1) of Article 57, and Article 109 of the Constitution of Nepal, 2015
Schedule-7, relating to clause (3) of Articles 57, Article 109, clause (4) of Article 162, and Article 197) of the Constitution of Nepal, 2015
Schedule 9, relating to clause (5) of Article 57, Article 109, clause (4) of Article 162, Article 197, clause (2) of Article 214, clause (2) of Article 221, and clause (1) of Article 226